Technical Expertise

What Is IND-Enabling Testing & What Does It Include?  

What Is IND-Enabling Testing & What Does It Include?  

IND-enabling testing is a cornerstone of the drug development process, helping researchers predict safety concerns and estimate safe and efficacious starting doses for clinical trials. Planning ahead, understanding the tests you need to conduct, and diligent tracking...

In Vivo ADME Testing in Drug Development: A Short Guide

In Vivo ADME Testing in Drug Development: A Short Guide

In vitro and in vivo ADME studies provide valuable data about a test article as it moves through preclinical development. In this short guide, we provide an overview of in vivo ADME testing, including why it’s important and how it works. For a successful...

How to Improve PROTACs’ Oral Bioavailability

How to Improve PROTACs’ Oral Bioavailability

PROteolysis TArgeting Chimera (PROTAC)* drugs hold enormous potential. No PROTAC drugs have earned FDA approval yet, but they are being widely explored across industry and academia for an ever-expanding range of treatments.  Part of PROTACs’ appeal is in their...

How to Tackle the Developmental Challenges of PROTAC Drugs

How to Tackle the Developmental Challenges of PROTAC Drugs

PROteolysis TArgeting Chimera, the novel therapeutic modalities better known as PROTACs*, first emerged in 2001 but are just starting to emerge from clinical trials. Their unique structure and capabilities have excited drug developers; however, there are still...

A Guide to In Vitro ADME Testing in Drug Development

A Guide to In Vitro ADME Testing in Drug Development

Understanding the Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Excretion (ADME) properties of a compound is critical to drug discovery and development. In this short guide, we look at how in vitro ADME testing works and why it is important. To understand in vitro ADME...

Maximizing the Efficiency of Ocular Gene Therapies

Maximizing the Efficiency of Ocular Gene Therapies

Gene therapy is an exciting—and relatively new—area of medicine. Treatments were first introduced in the 1970s, but after decades of methodology challenges and scientific frustration, the concept of altering genes to address “untreatable” viruses and diseases gained...

The Vital Role Of Toxicity Studies In Evaluating New Drugs

The Vital Role Of Toxicity Studies In Evaluating New Drugs

The evaluation of toxicity in a new drug is a very thorough process, so that by the end of the testing, scientists will have compiled all the necessary data to understand the full safety profile of the potential new drug. During that nonclinical evaluation, there are...